SALT LAKE CITY (KUTV) — Since 2011, Americans have been steadily moving to western and southern states, but where are they coming from, and why are they moving?
A new 2020 U.S. migration report from North American Moving Services shows people are leaving places with cold weather and high costs of living.
Illinois, New York, and New Jersey are the states with the most outbound moves, while the only western state to be steadily losing people is California. You can check out an interactive map here.
Takeaways from the 2020 Migration Report
Of all moves in and out of Illinois, 69% of them were outbound, while in Idaho, 70% of all moves were inbound, mostly by people from California.
In Utah, the last year more people moved out of the state than into the state was in 2011, when 51% of all moves were outbound compared to 49% inbound.
Since then, more people have been moving into the Beehive State, with 2018 being the biggest year for inbound moves, when 57% of all moves were inbound.
Utah's neighbors are some of the fastest-growing states in the nation when it comes to inbound population growth. In 2020, Idaho had a whopping 70% of all moves inbound, while Arizona's inbound moving rate was 64%, Wyoming's was 62%, New Mexico's was 57%, Nevada's was 55%, and Colorado's inbound move-in rate was 54% last year.
TOP INBOUND STATES
TOP OUTBOUND STATES
The report breaks down some key findings, followed by an explanation about why people are moving to or from certain geographic areas of the country. Information and data below is quoted directly from the report.
"Northeastern states make up four out of the seven states with the most outbound moves, and none of them make the top eight for inbound moves. New York led the way, followed by New Jersey and Maryland. But California edged out Maryland for fourth place on the outbound list. Pennsylvania and Michigan also made the list, and both states have made the top 10 fairly consistently for the past few years. Maryland has made the list for outbound moves since 2015, and it has ranked between second and fifth places. In 2020, it took fifth place."
People may be leaving the Northeast for a few reasons:
"States in the south consistently rank well in the list of inbound moves. On average, states throughout the southeast, south and southwest continue to see their populations grow as more individuals relocate there than leave the region.
"Arizona and South Carolina have been in the top five inbound states since 2015. Meanwhile, North Carolina and Tennessee have always been on the list but reached the top five in 2016. While Tennessee usually sat in fifth place or so, it is now in third place for inbound moves.
"Florida and Texas have also been in the top 12 since the first report in 2015. Each year, both states rose through the ranks. Now, Florida is in sixth place, and Texas is one point behind in seventh place.
"While Georgia was in the top eight for the first few years, it has fallen out of the top eight since 2018. Still, the south continues to dominate the inbound list. Even as Americans move to different states, southern sunbelt states will probably stay on the list for many years."
Americans move to the south for several reasons, most of which are in sync with the trend of migration out of the Midwest and North East:
"States in the Midwest tend to rank on the outbound list along with Northeastern states. Michigan has made the top 10 since the 2015 study. It has steadily climbed to the top five, taking fourth place in 2020.
"Illinois has also been in the top 10 consistently over the past few years. However, it only comes in ninth place for outbound moves in the 2020 list. The state sits at around 30 to 35% of individuals migrating out of the state throughout the years.
"While Minnesota has made the list of outbound states before, it didn’t rank in the top nine in 2020. No other Midwestern states had made either list since 2015 when Ohio came in second place for most outbound moves."
The Midwest can have harsh winters like the Northeast, but there are probably other reasons for the rankings:
In general, people are consistently moving to Western states. Idaho has made the top 10 each year since 2015. Colorado has been in the top 10 or close to it for each of those years. Most years, Idaho has come out on top for the most inbound moves, and 2020 is no exception. The state has consistently reached about 65 percentage points for inbound moves.
Colorado has slowly risen in the list over time, and it recently hit eighth place, a few points behind Texas. The state has averaged about 55 percentage points, even as other states have changed ranks.
Nevada, Oregon, and Washington have made the top inbound list in years past, but they didn’t make the cut for 2020.
Of all Western states, only California has consistently ranked in the top 10 for outbound moves since 2015. The percentage has fluctuated over time, but enough people continue to leave to make it stand out. California’s high cost of living could be the reason for so many outbound moves, along with a lack of affordable housing in some cities (San Francisco, for example, has an approximate 30+% of outbound versus inbound movers).
Here are a few reasons for the moving patterns in the west:
TOP 5 CITIES PEOPLE ARE MOVING TO
TOP 5 CITIES PEOPLE ARE LEAVING